Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. It has six states—New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia—and two major mainland territories – the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). Australia is a constitutional monarchy with a federal division of powers. It uses a parliamentary system of government with Queen Elizabeth II at its apex as the Queen of Australia. A highly developed country & one of the wealthiest, Australia is the world’s 12th largest country. With the 2nd highest HDI (Human Development Index), Australia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. Australia is a member of the G29, OECD, WTO, APEC, UN, Commonwealth of Nations & ANZUS.
Population: Approx.2.3 Crore (23 mn)
Capital: Canberra Area: 7,617,930 km2
Language: English Religion: Christianity
Currency: Australian $
Life Expectancy: 79 Years
GDP per Capita: $53,862
Literacy Percent: 99%
Other Important Cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Adelaide, Brisbane & Gold Coast
Australia has a free-market economy with high GDP per capita and low rate of poverty. The Australian dollar (AUD) is the currency for the nation. After the 2006 merger of the Australian Stock Exchange and the Sydney Futures Exchange, the Australian Securities Exchange is now the 9th largest in the world. Ranked 3rd in the Index of Economic Freedom (2010), Australia is the world’s 13th largest economy and has the 5th highest per capita income; higher than that of the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada and Japan, and on par with that of the United States.
An emphasis on exporting commodities rather than manufactured goods has underpinned a significant increase in Australia’s terms of trade since the start of the century, due to rising commodity prices. Australia was one of the few OECD nations to avoid falling into a technical recession during the late 2000s global financial downturn.
The unemployment rate in Australia is 4.6%. The service sector of the economy including tourism, education, and financial services, accounts for 69% of GDP. Although agriculture and natural resources account for only 3% and 5% of GDP respectively, they contribute substantially to export performance. Australia’s largest export markets are Japan, China, the US, South Korea, and New Zealand.
The variety of Australia’s geography, ecology, vegetation and landforms has given rise to a wide variety of climates throughout the country. Average winter and summer high temperatures across Australia vary according to the location. The climate of Australia is significantly influenced by ocean currents which cause rainfall to vary markedly from year to year. Much of the northern part of the country has a tropical predominantly summer rainfall (monsoon) climate. Just under three quarters of Australia lies within a desert or semi-arid zone. The southwest corner of the state has a Mediterranean climate. Much of the southeast (including Tasmania) is temperate.
Australia has grown to become one of the top countries for quality higher education. Apart from its multifaceted environment which makes it a haven for students, the Mediterranean like weather with vast stretches of beaches makes it a vacation.
- Worldwide Recognition
The degrees and qualifications from Australian higher education institutions are known around the world as high quality and world class. The standard of excellence is set by universities with recognizable groups like the G8, ATN & the IRU. When looking for work in the future, this can be a great selling point in your favour!
- Vibrant Multicultural Nation
Australia is also one of the best places to live. It is a young, vibrant and friendly country in which students can live, learn and grow. True culture melting Cities like Melbourne are known to host nationals from over 80 (Eighty) countries. So if you want a quality education and a good lifestyle, Australia’s the place to be.
- Academic Excellence
Australia has 37 government-funded universities and two private universities, as well as a number of other specialist institutions that provide approved courses at the higher education level. The University of Sydney is Australia’s oldest university, having been founded in 1850, followed by the University of Melbourne three years later. Other notable universities include those of the Group of Eight leading tertiary institutions, including the University of Adelaide (which boasts an association with five Nobel Laureates), the Australian National University located in the national capital of Canberra, Monash University and the University of New South Wales. The OECD places Australia among the most expensive nations to attend university. There is a state-based system of vocational training, known as TAFE, and many trades conduct apprenticeships for training new trades people. Approximately 58 per cent of Australians aged from 25 to 64 have vocational or tertiary qualifications, and the tertiary graduation rate of 49 per cent is the highest among OECD countries. The ratio of international to local students in tertiary education in Australia is the highest in the OECD countries.
- High Quality of Life
A highly developed country (HDI Rank 2) and one of the wealthiest, Australia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. According to the worldwide Quality-of-Life Index for 2011 all of Australia’s major cities fare well in global comparative livability surveys where Melbourne ranked 1st on The Economist’s 2011 World’s Most Livable Cities list, followed by Sydney and Perth in seventh and ninth place respectively.
The main intakes offered by Universities are in June/July and January/February. Some colleges may also have intakes in March and November.
- A full-time International student can work part-time as per the given guidelines.
- A full-time degree student can work up to 40 hours fortnightly during term-time and full-time during vacations.
- A full-time student can also work on a work placement as part of the course.
- A student can earn from $16 – $25 per hour i.e. $1,280 – $2,000 per month.
After the successful completion of a Bachelors or Masters a student can apply for a 2 year Post-Study Work Permit.
For more information, please contact one of our offices
Study in Australia | Study in the UK | Study in Malaysia | Study in Canada | Study in the USA | Study in New Zealand